When it comes to compliance for information exchange in companies with a large data volume, technologies that protect critical information on-line are essential. In order to face the challenge of managing privileges and access rights, Identity Governance was born.
Known as a process for requesting, approving, certifying and auditing access to applications, data and other IT services, Identity Governance assists the data filtration by providing skills and tools to performed task in an assertive and optimized manner. With this, the management of the most diverse types of access becomes much easier, reducing costs and automating controls.
The beginning of everything
Much of the evolution took place in the 2004-2006 period, as an effective action in view of the companies’ need for creation of regulatory procedures to meet the SoX (American Sarbanes-Oxley Act) requirements.
Created by congressmen Paul Sarbannes and Michel Oxley in 2002, the SoX law aims to improve corporate governance, preventing actions that directly impact the companies’ financial performance, and ensuring compliance.
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What is the main role of Identity Governance?
Users demanding unusual types of access may have privileges that are incompatible with the company’s security policies. The main objective of Identity Governance is providing adequate means to map the correct scope to perform the user functions, always based on his/her organizational roles. In this way, only the access rights required to perform the user’s functions will be granted.
Identity Governance and Management
When implementing Identity Governance mechanisms, we need pay attention to the real needs of access flow by creating customized solutions to establish the entire system management based on the following topics:
- Creation of an inventory of access profiles;
- Definition of an identity inventory;
- Definition of roles, jobs and access flows;
- Categorization of identities;
- Definition of ways to request access rights and approve new identities.
The first step is understanding the organizational ecosystem and the expectations for better risk management and compliance. Start by analyzing processes based on guidelines provided by the business, HR, IT and auditing areas, will contribute to the development of a solid knowledge base. When materializing in actions, it will result in an implementation plan, listing processes and their respective execution instructions, thus creating the Identity Management tool.
What are Identity Governance products for?
Generally run on top of Identity Management systems, Identity Governance products allow organizations to define, apply, review and audit IAM policies. Within this scope, the organizations can count on specific features, such as user profile management, privilege identity management and identity intelligence, based on functions and reviews that will later be used to ensure data security.
CAP2AM is an Identity Governance and Administration (IG&A) solution that establishes an integrated and effective flow among the main corporate systems and resources, ensuring a full synergy among governance, usability, integration and auditing.